Tirta Empul is a Hindu Balinese water temple located near the town of Tampaksiring, Ubud, Bali, Indonesia. The temple is famous for its sacred spring water, which is believed to have healing and purifying properties. Tirta Empul, also known as the Tampak Siring Temple, is a significant cultural and religious site that holds great importance to the Balinese people and attracts tourists and pilgrims from all over the world.

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History and Legend

The history of Tirta Empul dates back to the 10th century during the Warmadewa dynasty. It is said that the temple was built around a natural spring that emerged from the ground and was believed to be created by the god Indra. According to legend, the spring water was created by Indra to revive his troops who had been poisoned by the evil king Mayadenawa. The water from the spring was so powerful that it was able to cure the troops and restore them to full health. This mythological origin story is deeply ingrained in the cultural and religious significance of Tirta Empul and continues to be an important part of the temple’s identity

Architecture and Layout

The architectural design of Tirta Empul reflects the traditional Balinese style of temple construction. The temple complex is characterized by its distinct split gate entrance, known as “Candi Bentar”, which symbolizes the transition from the outer world to the sacred space within the temple. The layout of the temple includes various courtyards, pavilions, and shrines that are adorned with intricate carvings and sculptures depicting Hindu deities and mythological figures. The temple’s architecture is a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of Balinese artisans and serves as a visual representation of the rich cultural heritage of the island.

Signature Of Tirta Empul

tirta empul temple
Image Source: Unsplash

One of the most remarkable features of Tirta Empul is its holy spring water, which is the focal point of the temple. The spring is the source of the Pakerisan River, which is considered sacred in Balinese Hinduism. The water from the spring is channeled into a series of purification pools where devotees and visitors can participate in a ritual cleansing known as “melukat”. The melukat ritual involves a series of prayers and offerings followed by a purification bath in the holy water. The belief is that the water has the power to cleanse the body, mind, and soul, and to wash away impurities and negative energies

Significance for Balinese Hindus

The spiritual significance of Tirta Empul extends beyond its physical attributes. The temple serves as a place of worship, meditation, and spiritual renewal for the Balinese people. It is a site where religious ceremonies, rituals, and festivals are conducted throughout the year, providing a sense of community and cultural identity for the local population. The temple also plays a role in preserving and transmitting the traditions and beliefs of Balinese Hinduism to future generations, ensuring the continuity of the island’s cultural heritage.

Become A famous Destination

yirta empul temple tampak siring
Image Source: Unsplash

In addition to its religious and cultural significance, Tirta Empul has also become a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors who are drawn to its mystical allure and historical importance. The temple offers a unique opportunity for tourists to immerse themselves in the spiritual and religious practices of the Balinese people, providing a deeper understanding of the local culture and traditions. Many visitors come to Tirta Empul to witness or participate in the melukat ritual, seeking spiritual healing and purification in the sacred waters of the temple

The Impect of Tourism on Tirta Empul

The impact of tourism on Tirta Empul has led to efforts to preserve and protect the temple and its surrounding environment. Conservation initiatives have been implemented to maintain the integrity of the temple complex and to ensure the sustainability of the natural spring water. The management of visitor traffic, waste disposal, and environmental conservation are critical aspects of safeguarding the cultural and ecological value of Tirta Empul for future generations.


Tirta Empul stands as a testament to the rich cultural and religious heritage of Bali. Its historical significance, architectural beauty, and spiritual importance make it a revered site for both locals and visitors. The temple’s sacred spring water, mythological origins, and role in Balinese Hindu rituals contribute to its enduring appeal as a place of spiritual rejuvenation and cultural exploration. Tirta Empul continues to be a symbol of the deep-rooted traditions and beliefs that define the identity of the Balinese people and the island of Bali as a whole.